Programme Code : BDP
Course Code : FEG1
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Year : 2013 Views: 2332 Submitted By : ABHISHEK KUMAR MISHRA On 17th February, 2013

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Q.


Foundation Course in English – 1 (FEG-01)

Assignment

Course Code: FEG-01

Assignment Code: FEG-1/TMA/2012-13

Max. Marks: 100

Answer all the questions

1 Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

On 24th August in the year AD 79, the people of Pompeii were going about their business in the usual way. Suddenly it grew dark, and they looked up towards the top of Mount Vesuvius. A great cloud was leaving the top of the mountain; Vesuvius was erupting. The people of Pompeii started to run out of the town, but more than 2,000 of them did not get far. Stones and cinders began to fall on the town, and then an immense quantity of ash. The town was completely buried.

You can visit Pompeii today. The Italian government has very carefully cleared away the volcanic matter to uncover public buildings and private houses, theatres, shops, market-places. You can see where people lived and how they lived. The mixture of ash and cinders made, with the rain of centuries, a kind of plaster which has kept things unchanged – rooms, pictures, cups, plates, a doctor’s instruments, public notices. It even kept the shape of the people who died, and of the clothes that they were wearing. Most of them were trying to escape. The figure of one Roman soldier who died standing at his post has excited writers and artists in our time.

To reach the remains of Pompeii it was first necessary to move Italian farmers, their houses and their trees and plants. Vesuvius is an active volcano. Since AD 79, when it destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and the seaport town of Stabiae, it has erupted frequently. Sometimes it does not do much damage. At other times whole villages disappear under the ash or lava. But the people go back.

Every year we read of the eruption of a volcano somewhere, with the loss of people’s homes and land – sometimes of their lives. ‘And why,’ we ask, ‘do they live there? They know the volcano may erupt at any time.’ Part of the answer is that volcanic matter makes wonderful soil.

That is certainly true of the slopes of Mount Etna in Sicily. Streams of lava from the 1971 eruption of Etna destroyed a number of villages and farmhouses. The lava streams moved fairly slowly, and no lives were lost. Newspaper reporters and television teams went to the scene. Farmers whose houses were in danger from the red-hot lava were calmly taking the tiles from their roofs and loading them on carts.

‘Why are you saving the tiles?’ the reporters asked.

‘Well,’ the farmers explained, ‘when it is safe again, we shall rebuild our houses.

Even volcanoes which seemed to be extinct have erupted. In books printed before 1961, Tristan da Cunha, an island in the South Atlantic, was described as an ‘extinct volcano’. It was dormant and not really extinct. In 1961 the volcano erupted and all the islanders had to leave Tristan.

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1a What happens when a volcano erupts? (2)

1b What happened to the people of Pompeii in AD 79? (2)

1c Why is Pompeii important today? (2)

1d Why do people still live dangerously near volcanoes? (2)

1e What is special about the volcano called Tristan da Cunha? (2)

2 Imagine that there were televisions in AD 79. You are a reporter and flying in a helicopter over Pompeii while the volcano is erupting. Describe the scene, including the plight of the people. (10)

3 Match the words with their meanings and use the same words in sentences of your own. (10)

i

Erupting

i

Pieces of material that is left after something such as wood or coal has burned

ii

Cinders

ii

A kind of rock which comes out of volcano in the form of a very hot liquid

iii

Extinct

iii

Something that is not active

iv

Dormant

iv

Suddenly coming out of something

v

Lava

v

A volcano that is unlikely to erupt

4 Write a short composition on any one of the following in about 400 words: (20)

i The story of cricket: yesterday and today

ii The kindest thing that someone did for me

iii Has civilization taught us to be subtly cruel?

iv A country I would like to visit

5 Write/complete the following dialogues taking at least ten turns: (15)

i Someone close to you is in trouble and wishes to confide in you. Your role is that of an adviser.

ii Mother: Vacations are not about sleeping late and watching TV all day… You can take up photography, learn an instrument, learn judo…

Son/daughter: I really worked hard for my exam, I do want to rest.

iii Two friends are having a heated argument over a film that they have just seen.

6 Parul Vohra/Salil Menon is a very brilliant student who had completed her/his examinations. She/He sees an advertisement in Indian Daily inserted by the IWKAL Foundation offering scholarships to deserving students to study abroad. As Parul Vohra/Salil Menon, write a letter to the Foundation making relevant enquiries regarding the scholarship scheme. (15)

7 Fill in the blanks correctly with a/an or the: (5)

i Reader’s Digest is ……………truly inexpensive gift for all occasions. It reminds your friends of your thoughtfulness twelve times…………..year.

ii Mr. Stryver was little over thirty, but he looked much older. He was fat, with ………red face and ………….loud voice. He wanted to be …………important lawyer, and he was quickly becoming more and more

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successful. He was …………..very clever lawyer who did not care whether he was fighting for good or bad. He was very skilful at finding ……..facts in every argument. …………more business he got, ………..more skilful he became. He and Sydney Carton were often up late at night, drinking. Even then, when he got up………….next morning, his mind was clear.

8 Fill in the blanks with correct gerund or infinitive forms of the verbs given in brackets: (5)

i He agreed……………..me. (help)

ii Suresh enjoys……………..football. (play)

iii We failed……………..the train. (catch)

iv She finished……………..in no time. (cook)

v They decided……………..hard. (work)

vi I am practicing……………… (drive)

vii The class wanted……………..for a picnic. (go)

viii Do you mind……………..me your pen. (lend)

ix The father refused……………..him a bicycle. (buy)

x She loves……………..to music. (listen)

9 Choose the correct form of the verbs from those which have been underlined. (5)

The conference was very successful. The seminars and talks (1) were / had been extremely interesting and it was obvious that all the speakers (2) had prepared / prepared their material very thoroughly. Everyone agreed that this should become an annual event.

There was however a number of administrative problems. When we (3) arrived / had arrived, we (4) discovered / had discovered that the hotel manager (5) reserved / had reserved the wrong room for us and therefore we (6) did not have / had not had enough space. Unfortunately, he could not let us have the larger room because he (7) gave / had given it to another group, even bigger than ours.

He (8) also misunderstood / had also misunderstood the letter explaining what food we (9) required / had required. In fact, we (10) suspected / had suspected that he had lost the letter. We do not recommend using this hotel again.

10 Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions of place such as in, on, at, between, among, behind, up, into, against, along, across, above, below, in front of, down:

(5)

i He lives ……………Kasturba Marg, Delhi.

ii His house is……………the 3rd floor.

iii He drove the car……………the pavement.

iv We could see the mountains……………the river.

v The old man could not stand up. He leant……………the wall.

vi The car broke down……………the middle of the road.

vii The water in the river rose……………the danger mark.

viii The temperature was two degrees……………the freezing point.

ix When the sun sets it goes……………the horizon.

x The teacher sat……………the students.


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