Programme Code : BTS
Course Code : FEG - 01
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Year : 2013 Views: 1839 Submitted By : Lokesh kumar On 04th February, 2013

Do you have solution for this Question. If yes    I aslo want solution.

Q.


Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

On 24th August in the year AD 79, the people of Pompeii were going about their business in the usual way. Suddenly it grew dark, and they looked up towards the top of Mount Vesuvius. A great cloud was leaving the top of the mountain; Vesuvius was erupting. The people of Pompeii started to run out of the town, but more than 2,000 of them did not get far. Stones and cinders began to fall on the town, and then an immense quantity of ash. The town was completely buried.

You can visit Pompeii today. The Italian government has very carefully cleared away the volcanic matter to uncover public buildings and private houses, theatres, shops, market-places. You can see where people lived and how they lived. The mixture of ash and cinders made, with the rain of centuries, a kind of plaster which has kept things unchanged – rooms, pictures, cups, plates, a doctor’s instruments, public notices. It even kept the shape of the people who died, and of the clothes that they were wearing. Most of them were trying to escape. The figure of one Roman soldier who died standing at his post has excited writers and artists in our time.

To reach the remains of Pompeii it was first necessary to move Italian farmers, their houses and their trees and plants. Vesuvius is an active volcano. Since AD 79, when it destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and the seaport town of Stabiae, it has erupted frequently. Sometimes it does not do much damage. At other times whole villages disappear under the ash or lava. But the people go back.

Every year we read of the eruption of a volcano somewhere, with the loss of people’s homes and land – sometimes of their lives. ‘And why,’ we ask, ‘do they live there? They know the volcano may erupt at any time.’ Part of the answer is that volcanic matter makes wonderful soil.

That is certainly true of the slopes of Mount Etna in Sicily. Streams of lava from the 1971 eruption of Etna destroyed a number of villages and farmhouses. The lava streams moved fairly slowly, and no lives were lost. Newspaper reporters and television teams went to the scene. Farmers whose houses were in danger from the red-hot lava were calmly taking the tiles from their roofs and loading them on carts.

‘Why are you saving the tiles?’ the reporters asked.

‘Well,’ the farmers explained, ‘when it is safe again, we shall rebuild our houses.

Even volcanoes which seemed to be extinct have erupted. In books printed before 1961, Tristan da Cunha, an island in the South Atlantic, was described as an ‘extinct volcano’. It was dormant and not really extinct. In 1961 the volcano erupted and all the islanders had to leave Tristan.

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1a What happens when a volcano erupts?

1b What happened to the people of Pompeii in AD 79?

1c Why is Pompeii important today?

1d Why do people still live dangerously near volcanoes?

1e What is special about the volcano called Tristan da Cunha?

2 Imagine that there were televisions in AD 79. You are a reporter and flying in a helicopter over Pompeii while the volcano is erupting. Describe the scene, including the plight of the people.


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